400MG OF CAFFEINE: BEST DOSE FOR PRE-WORKOUT!
By Steve Blechman
A breakthrough study published on June 21, 2018 in PLOS Biology reported that the equivalent of four cups of coffee (approximately 400 mg of caffeine) may lower the risk of dying from a heart attack! The study was done on mice that were fed pure caffeine, but the researchers feel that approximately 400 mg of caffeine or drinking four cups of coffee could protect the human heart!
As reported by ScienceDaily on June 21, 2018, researcher Judith Haendeler said, “… the authors have previously shown that at physiologically relevant concentrations (i.e., levels reached after four or more cups of coffee), caffeine improved the functional capacity of endothelial cells, which line the interior of blood vessels, and that the effect involved mitochondria, the cell's energy powerhouses. Our results indicate a new mode of action for caffeine – one that promotes protection and repair of heart muscle through the action of mitochondrial p27. These results should lead to better strategies for protecting heart muscle from damage, including consideration of coffee consumption or caffeine as an additional dietary factor in the elderly population. Furthermore, enhancing mitochondrial p27 could serve as a potential therapeutic strategy not only in cardiovascular diseases but also in improving health span."
A separate review conducted by the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) found that 400 mg of caffeine is safe daily. Researchers at the ILSI examined over 740 studies about the effects of caffeine on humans. The European Food Safety Authority has said that up to 400 mg of caffeine per day, the amount you would find in eight servings of tea or four servings of coffee, is perfectly safe for adults in the long term.
A study in the Journal of Applied Physiology looked at competitive male cyclists who consumed 400 mg of caffeine one hour before a ride, which is the equivalent to the amount of caffeine in four cups of coffee. The subjects also received a placebo before another ride. Almost all of the riders were able to pedal harder and faster after swallowing the caffeine pill – 3.3 percent faster on average compared to when they had no pill, and 2.2 percent faster when they took a placebo.
Also, a large meta-analysis was recently published on acute caffeine ingestion on endurance performance. The study was published in the Journal of Sports Medicine on June 6, 2018. It was an updated review of the research. It confirms that 200-400 mg of caffeine is best for increasing exercise performance. The benefits were dose related.
Another study published in the journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise found that caffeine before workouts increases energy levels and strength. A study led by Todd Astorino from Cal State San Marcos found that high doses of caffeine (approximately 400 mg) increased strength during maximal knee flexion exercise (40 reps of knee extension – flexion at 180 degrees per second on an isokinetic dynamometer) and a lower dose of caffeine (approximately 160 mg) had no effect on strength endurance.
Research has shown that the amino acid taurine can have adverse effects on the cardiovascular system when combined with caffeine. A study published on April 26, 2017 in the Journal of the American Heart Association found that energy drinks containing taurine and caffeine had a negative effect on the heart compared to caffeine-only beverages. Also, in the study an irregular heart rhythm resulted two hours after consuming an energy drink containing caffeine and taurine, compared to a caffeine-only drink. This randomized, double‐blind, controlled, crossover study tested 18 young, healthy volunteers. There was also a greater increase in blood pressure in caffeine with taurine combination compared to caffeine alone. 400 mg of caffeine, which is equivalent to about four cups of coffee, is generally regarded as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Other studies have also shown that taurine can have adverse effects when combined with caffeine!
Bottom line: based on the recent research, it is not recommended that people combine caffeine with taurine in their energy or pre-workout drinks. Taurine is perfectly safe when taken without caffeine. In fact, the research has shown many health benefits of taurine when taken without caffeine! Taurine is an inhibitory neurotransmitter and has been shown to have a positive effect of the cardiovascular system and lower stress-induced increase in blood pressure especially when combined with magnesium. Some studies have also shown that taurine may be beneficial for enhancing weight loss/fat loss. Once again, do not take energy drinks combining caffeine and taurine.So how much caffeine in pre-workout? You can get your pre-workout caffeine fix of 400 mg per day (maximum) in four cups of coffee, eight cups of tea, or one serving from Advanced Molecular Labs™ AML™ PRE-WORKOUT®. (400 mg caffeine pre workout).
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