Gut Microbes Might Cause Low-Grade Inflammation and Obesity
Obese and lean humans have different gut microbe populations, which might account for individual differences in weight gain and low-grade inflammation. The human gastrointestinal tract contains more than 100 trillion microbes. Imbalances in gut microbes have been linked to obesity, inflammation, immune system breakdown, bad breath, gum disease, coronary artery disease, cancer, back pain, allergies and autism— according to a literature review by Giovanni Tarantino from the Federico II University Medical School in Naples, Italy. Bacteria-laden foods called probiotics, containing bacteria such as Lactobacilli acidophilus and Bifidobacteria, may be the next big health food craze because they stabilize the microbe population in the gut.
(Journal Clinical Endocrinology Metabolism, 99: 2343-2346, 2014)