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Reducing carbohydrate intake from 55 percent of calories to 43 percent triggered decreases in bodyweight, abdominal fat deposition and insulin resistance in middle-aged, overweight adults— according to a study by Barbara Gower and Amy Goss from the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Fat loss from the lower-carbohydrate diets was greater in African-Americans than in European-Americans. Protein intake was equal for both diets. The lower-carb group also showed lower levels of resting blood sugar. Reducing carbohydrate intake only slightly has a positive effect on body composition and blood sugar regulation.



(Journal Nutrition, 145: 1707s-183s, 2015)